How Does Possession Work In Basketball

How Does Possession Work In Basketball: Unraveling the Intricacies of the Game

Introduction:

Basketball, a fast-paced and exhilarating sport, revolves around the concept of possession. Possession is a fundamental aspect of the game, determining which team has control of the ball and the opportunity to score points. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of possession in basketball, exploring how it works and shedding light on some fascinating facts about this aspect of the game.

Interesting Facts about Possession in Basketball:

1. Jump Ball: At the beginning of each game, possession is determined through a jump ball. The referee tosses the ball into the air, and a player from each team jumps to tip the ball to a teammate, initiating the first possession.

2. Alternating Possession Arrow: In situations where a jump ball is not used to determine possession (e.g., after a held ball or a timeout), an alternating possession arrow is employed. The arrow indicates which team will gain possession after the next jump ball situation.

3. Possession After a Made Basket: After a team scores, the opposing team is awarded possession. This rule ensures that both teams have equal opportunities to possess the ball and score points.

4. Possession After a Missed Shot: When a shot is missed, the team that successfully secures the rebound gains possession. Rebounding is a crucial skill as it allows a team to maintain control of the ball and create additional scoring opportunities.

5. Possession After a Turnover: Turnovers occur when a team loses possession of the ball due to a steal, an offensive foul, or a violation, among other reasons. In such cases, the opposing team gains possession, allowing them to initiate an offensive play.

6. Possession After a Jump Ball Situation: In situations where a jump ball occurs during the game, the team that did not have possession during the previous alternating possession arrow gains control of the ball.

7. Overtime Possession: In overtime periods, possession is determined by another jump ball, following the same rules as the beginning of the game. The team that wins the jump ball gains the initial possession in the overtime period.

8. Possession for the Start of Quarters: At the beginning of each quarter, the team that had possession during the previous period is awarded the initial possession. This rotation ensures fairness and equal opportunities for both teams throughout the game.

Common Questions about Possession in Basketball:

1. What happens if the ball goes out of bounds?
If the ball goes out of bounds, the team that did not touch the ball last loses possession, and the opposing team is awarded possession through a throw-in.

2. Can a team call a timeout to retain possession?
Yes, a team can call a timeout to retain possession in certain situations, such as when they are about to lose possession due to a held ball or a five-second violation.

3. What is a held ball?
A held ball occurs when two opposing players have equal possession of the ball and are unable to gain control. In this case, possession is determined by the alternating possession arrow.

4. Can a player gain possession while out of bounds?
No, a player must establish both feet inbounds while gaining possession to be considered in control of the ball.

5. What happens if a player loses possession but regains it quickly?
If a player loses possession momentarily but regains control, it is not considered a turnover, and the team retains possession.

6. How is possession determined after a jump ball violation?
If a jump ball violation occurs, such as a player catching the ball before it reaches its highest point, the opposing team is awarded possession.

7. Can possession change during a possession arrow situation?
No, during a possession arrow situation, possession cannot change unless a jump ball violation or a timeout is called.

8. What happens if a player steps out of bounds during a possession?
If a player steps out of bounds during a possession, it results in a turnover, and the opposing team gains possession.

9. Can a team gain possession after a missed free throw?
Yes, if the free throw is missed, the opposing team has the opportunity to secure the rebound and gain possession.

10. What happens if a player is fouled while in possession of the ball?
If a player is fouled while in possession of the ball, their team retains possession unless it is an offensive foul.

11. Can a player gain possession after blocking a shot?
Yes, if a player successfully blocks an opponent’s shot, their team has the opportunity to gain possession.

12. What happens if the ball gets stuck between the rim and the backboard?
If the ball becomes lodged between the rim and the backboard, it results in a jump ball, and the alternating possession arrow determines which team gains possession.

13. Can possession change during a jump ball situation?
No, during a jump ball situation, possession cannot change unless a violation occurs, such as a player committing a foul.

14. What happens if an offensive player kicks the ball?
If an offensive player kicks the ball, it results in a turnover, and the opposing team gains possession.

15. Can a player gain possession after a blocked shot goes out of bounds?
Yes, if a blocked shot goes out of bounds, the team that did not touch the ball last loses possession, and the opposing team is awarded possession through a throw-in.

16. Can a player gain possession after a made free throw?
No, after a made free throw, the opposing team is awarded possession with a throw-in from the sideline.

Conclusion:

Possession is a crucial element in the game of basketball, determining which team has control of the ball and the opportunity to score points. Whether it is through a jump ball, a rebound, or turnovers, possession constantly changes hands throughout the game. Understanding the intricacies of how possession works enhances our appreciation for the sport and the strategic decisions made by players and coaches.

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