What Is The Possession Arrow In Basketball

What Is The Possession Arrow In Basketball?

Basketball is a fast-paced and exciting sport that has captured the hearts of millions around the world. From the dribbling and shooting to the strategic plays and intense competition, basketball offers a thrilling experience for both players and spectators. One aspect of the game that often sparks curiosity is the possession arrow. In this article, we will explore the possession arrow in basketball, including its purpose, rules, and some interesting facts.

The possession arrow is a crucial element in basketball that helps determine which team gets the next possession of the ball. It is used in situations where the alternating possession rule is applicable. This rule is commonly used in high school and college basketball games, while in professional leagues like the NBA, a jump ball is used to settle possession disputes.

Here are eight interesting facts about the possession arrow in basketball:

1. Origin: The possession arrow was introduced in the late 1980s as an alternative to the jump ball. It was designed to speed up the game and reduce the risk of injuries that can occur during jump ball situations.

2. Alternating Possession: The alternating possession rule means that after a jump ball situation or at the start of a quarter, the team that did not gain possession of the ball will be awarded the next possession. The possession arrow determines which team gets the ball.

3. Indicator: The possession arrow is indicated by an arrow-shaped marker placed at the scorer’s table. It is usually made of plastic or metal and is easily visible to the players, officials, and spectators.

4. Resetting: At the start of each game, the possession arrow is typically set to the direction of the team listed first on the official score sheet. After each alternating possession situation, the arrow is reversed to point towards the other team.

5. Tied Possessions: In the event of a tied possession situation, where both teams have an equal number of alternating possessions, the arrow is reset to its original position at the next jump ball situation or the start of the next quarter.

6. Exceptions: There are certain game situations where the possession arrow does not apply. For example, during a jump ball at the beginning of a game, overtime, or after a held ball situation, a new jump ball is used to determine possession.

7. Possession Change: If a team commits a violation that results in a turnover or the opposing team gains control of the ball through a steal, rebound, or a blocked shot, the possession arrow is not affected. The arrow only changes when there is an alternating possession situation.

8. Strategy: Coaches often pay close attention to the possession arrow as it can influence their game strategy. For example, if a team knows they will have the next possession, they may choose to hold onto the ball until the end of a quarter or halftime to prevent their opponents from scoring before the break.

Now, let’s address some common questions about the possession arrow in basketball:

1. How is the possession arrow determined?
– The possession arrow is initially set at the start of the game and is then reversed after each alternating possession situation.

2. When is the possession arrow used?
– The possession arrow is used in situations where the alternating possession rule is applicable, such as after a jump ball or at the start of a quarter.

3. What happens if the possession arrow is not working?
– If the possession arrow malfunctions or becomes unavailable, the officials will use a jump ball to determine possession.

4. Can the possession arrow change during a free throw?
– No, the possession arrow does not change during a free throw. It only changes during alternating possession situations.

5. Can the possession arrow be challenged or reviewed?
– No, the possession arrow cannot be challenged or reviewed. It is determined solely by the officials on the court.

6. Is the possession arrow used in professional basketball?
– No, in professional leagues like the NBA, a jump ball is used to settle possession disputes instead of the possession arrow.

7. Can a team lose possession without the possession arrow changing?
– Yes, a team can lose possession without the possession arrow changing if they commit a violation resulting in a turnover or if the opposing team gains control of the ball through a steal, rebound, or a blocked shot.

8. How often does the possession arrow reset to its original position?
– The possession arrow resets to its original position during a tied possession situation, which occurs when both teams have an equal number of alternating possessions.

9. Can the possession arrow change during overtime?
– No, the possession arrow does not change during overtime. A new jump ball is used to determine possession.

10. Is the possession arrow used in international basketball?
– The possession arrow is not used in all international basketball competitions. Some leagues and tournaments may choose to use a jump ball instead.

11. Can the possession arrow be used in high school and college women’s basketball games?
– Yes, the possession arrow is used in both high school and college women’s basketball games, following the same rules as the men’s games.

12. What happens if the possession arrow is knocked over during the game?
– If the possession arrow is accidentally knocked over during the game, it will be promptly reset by the officials or table personnel.

13. Can a team call a timeout to change the possession arrow?
– No, a team cannot call a timeout to change the possession arrow. It can only change during alternating possession situations.

14. Can the possession arrow be used in street basketball games?
– The possession arrow is not typically used in street basketball games. Possession is often determined by a “make it, take it” rule, where the team that scores retains possession.

15. How does the possession arrow affect end-of-game situations?
– In end-of-game situations, the possession arrow may influence a team’s strategy. If a team has the next possession, they may choose to hold onto the ball to run down the clock or prevent their opponents from having a chance to score.

16. Are there any alternatives to the possession arrow?
– Yes, the possession arrow was introduced as an alternative to the jump ball. In professional leagues like the NBA, a jump ball is still used to settle possession disputes.

In conclusion, the possession arrow is a vital component of basketball that helps determine which team gets the next possession of the ball. It was introduced to speed up the game and reduce the risk of injuries during jump ball situations. Understanding the rules and intricacies of the possession arrow adds another layer of knowledge to the game of basketball, allowing players and fans alike to appreciate the sport even more.

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